As soon as a marshland, how Bandra Kurla Complicated grew to become Mumbai’s prime enterprise & hangout hub


We typically maintain our authorities in additional than wholesome scepticism. The sarkari system is seen as inefficient, incompetent, wasteful, mired in purple tape and corruption. A lot of journalism focuses on exposing this institution and railing towards it. For good motive. 

But, on this sea of despair, some concepts work. Usually it wants a number of essential and virtuous components to come back collectively. Good politics and a positive civil servant or two, however above all, an important concept. 

ThePrint’s reporters are looking out for such concepts, reporting and assessing them, and likewise looking for classes for the longer term.

Mumbai: Simply 30 years in the past, the world between Bandra and Kurla was an empty marshland alongside the Mithi river. Within the years since, it’s been remodeled into considered one of Mumbai’s main enterprise hubs. 

The end result of a plan conceived by the Mumbai Metropolitan Area Improvement Authority (MMRDA), the Bandra Kurla Complicated (BKC) now homes the entire gamut of service-sector multinationals, in addition to overseas consulates.

It’s additionally a go-to vacation spot identified for its high-end eating places. In accordance with the MMRDA, the advanced now supplies greater than 2 lakh jobs.

The way it started

In accordance with the MMRDA, it was a 1948 research, the Modak-Meyer Report, that first prompt growing the land within the Bandra-Kurla space as a “new centre of exercise”, with a purpose to decongest the island of Bombay and relieve the move of site visitors in the direction of the south. However it might take a number of a long time for this concept to search out buy.

The Bombay Improvement Plan, 1964, additionally prompt the event of the world for a business advanced, as did the Bombay Metropolitan Area Plan, 1970-1991 — which was accepted by the Maharashtra authorities in 1973.

Subsequently, the MMRDA was designated the particular planning authority for the event of the locality, and began drawing up plans.

Chatting with ThePrint, MMRDA Metropolitan Commissioner S.V.R. Srinivas stated, “Earlier, Nariman Level was the one finance district right here, however there have been issues there (of congestion) so we began growing BKC about 47 years again. Actually, in 2025, we are going to rejoice the silver jubilee of BKC.”

The advanced, to be constructed on 370 hectares (ha) of low-lying land, was a greenfield undertaking — with out constraints imposed by earlier development. Totally different blocks had been deliberate for residential, business, and governmental functions.

Credit: ThePrint Team
Credit score: ThePrint Group

At first, it appeared a frightening prospect. “Due to the marshy land and low connectivity, no one needed to go to the place initially,” metropolis planner Sulakshana Mahajan instructed ThePrint. 

Connectivity remained an enormous problem for years, at the same time as authorities amenities akin to revenue tax places of work, in addition to a household court docket, had been opened within the space.

“It was like a punishment posting for presidency officers,” stated Bharat Gothoskar, a metropolis chronicler who leads excursions of Mumbai and its historic websites. 

“And folks had been reluctant to maneuver in. As not too long ago as 2003, I keep in mind that there have been only one or two meals stalls and it was pretty empty,” he stated. 

Srinivas stated, “Once we began this, there have been problems with land reclamation. However any monetary district of this measurement and scale takes time to mature. It could’t be developed in a single day. Initially, there was no ecosystem. We developed that.”

Tenants transfer in

The BKC’s anchor tenants — the primary corporations to lease area within the advanced — had been ICICI Financial institution and the Nationwide Inventory Alternate (NSE).  

Slowly, on the flip of the century, multinationals started to trickle in. In direction of the top of the noughties, the Bharat Diamond Bourse — the world’s largest diamond change — arrange store at BKC, as did the consulates of the UK, Australia, Belgium, and the Netherlands. 

And BKC lastly received the feather in its cap when the American consulate moved there from Breach Sweet, South Mumbai, in 2011. 

A view of the Bandra Kurla complex in Mumbai | Photo: Purva Chitnis | ThePrint
A view of the Bandra Kurla advanced in Mumbai | Photograph: Purva Chitnis | ThePrint

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Why it labored

Discussing the Bharat Diamond Bourse’s transfer, Srinivas stated, “Initially, not many individuals had been prepared to come back. I keep in mind once I was the AMC (further municipal commissioner) over a decade in the past, the Bharat Diamond Bourse was not prepared to come back. They’ve a legacy in South Mumbai. They’ve an ecosystem there.

“Every thing was prepared right here however they weren’t prepared to come back. We addressed their considerations. So, it took efforts and convincing, they usually got here.”

The provision of loads of area was a key think about BKC’s rising enchantment. 

“That was the time when the banking, monetary providers and insurance coverage (BFSI) sector was booming, and large multinationals like JP Morgan, Normal Chartered and HSBC, which had places of work in Nariman Level, wanted an even bigger area. And BKC supplied that,” Pankaj Kapur, founding father of Liases Foras, an actual property firm, instructed ThePrint. 

Mumbai Airport can be shut by, and BKC grew in significance after the flip of the millennium when folks started to journey an increasing number of, for enterprise and in any other case, stated Mahajan.

Kapur additionally stated that whereas BKC was a greenfield undertaking, one other main enterprise district, Decrease Parel, was a beforehand used brownfield with restricted area, and Nariman Level was already full.

Decrease Parel was developed as a brownfield undertaking about 20 years in the past. A locality dotted with with mill lands and chawls, it was purchased by builders and instantly grew to become dwelling to luxurious towers, malls, and places of work. However for the reason that space was already cluttered, there wasn’t a lot scope to enhance connectivity, and site visitors remained an issue. In the meantime, choices in BKC opened up.

“And since many individuals lived north of Nariman Level, it grew to become handy for them to journey to Bandra,” added Kapur. 

Accelerating growth

The previous decade has seen BKC’s growth speed up additional. The realm has additionally begun to tackle a hybrid nature, with the mushrooming of swanky house complexes, and the attendant colleges and different amenities. The CBI additionally opened an workplace there in 2016.

Usha Aurange and Pushpa Jadhav, who’ve run a meals stall within the advanced for the previous 10 years beneath the Maharashtra authorities’s girls empowerment scheme (Mahila Audyogik Utpadak), can testify to this transformation.

“It was utterly empty again then. We had been inspired by the federal government to arrange this meals stall right here as this place had hardly any eating places. There was no bathroom again then,” Aurange instructed ThePrint.

“It was very troublesome for us, however now there are two public bogs that had been constructed over the previous decade. The group elevated and so did our enterprise,” stated Jadhav. They’ve gone from incomes Rs 4,000-5,000 a month to almost Rs 20,000.

Usha Aurange and Pushpa Jadhav at their food stall in the Bandra Kurla Complex | Photo: Purva Chitnis | ThePrint
Usha Aurange and Pushpa Jadhav at their meals stall within the Bandra Kurla Complicated | Photograph: Purva Chitnis | ThePrint

Two Reliance choices that opened this 12 months and final 12 months, the Jio World Drive mall and a conference centre, are the BKC’s newest points of interest, and draw lots of people from throughout town.

Bhavishya Rao, a lady in her early 30s who lives within the jap suburb of Chembur, stated that earlier, she used to go to Decrease Parel in South Mumbai to hang around, however for the final three years, she has been a votary of BKC.

“The connectivity to the place is nice. It is extremely central, family-friendly and even has good eateries from Starbucks to fancy dine-in locations. And with the opening of Jio World, it is extremely pet-friendly too,” stated Rao. 

It’s additionally a secure place, Rao added, with loads of guards and police across the space. 

Talking about future growth, Srinivas stated, “There may be nonetheless scope for redevelopment in BKC. Extra clubhouses, leisure actions. Maturing the place is essential, for which the federal government has to intervene and take up the multi-stakeholder administration function. That is the distinction between Decrease Parel and BKC — BKC is extra nurtured.”


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An improve in social infrastructure

Previously, BKC’s downside was its connectivity. Commuters, particularly office-goers, might solely depend on autorickshaws or taxis to get to the advanced, as buses had been few and much between. The final mile particularly proved an enormous problem.

However the space is now on the coronary heart of town when it comes to its connectivity. So far as the final mile goes, commuters can now use the e-scooters launched by the MMRDA to achieve the advanced from the Bandra and Kurla stations, two-three kilometres away.

These travelling from the jap suburbs can take the Santacruz-Chembur hyperlink street or the newly opened BKC-Chunabhatti flyover on the Japanese Categorical Freeway. The newest addition is the Kalanagar flyover, which connects BKC to the Bandra-Worli sea-link, and past that to South Mumbai.

“However nonetheless, the advanced is a bit troublesome to entry. What is going to actually change BKC is the approaching up of a Metro line. Two fundamental Metro strains will cross at BKC. It is going to have most footfalls and can make it actually accessible to many many individuals,” stated Gothoskar.

A view of BKC in Mumbai | Photo: Purva Chitnis | ThePrint
A view of BKC in Mumbai | Photograph: Purva Chitnis | ThePrint

The advanced additionally contains residential areas, and actual property corporations are advertising and marketing it as a major location with a number of top-notch colleges, hospitals just like the Asian Coronary heart Institute and Wockhardt multispeciality hospital, and good connectivity. Adjoining areas, too, fall within the internet — they’re being offered as ‘BKC Annexe’.

In accordance with a report by property company and consultancy Knight Frank India throughout 2021, rental values of the workplace market within the Mumbai Metropolitan Area dropped by 8 per cent year-on-year. Nevertheless, in BKC, rental values remained unchanged due to the restricted provide of Grade-A (highest high quality) workplace areas and rising demand.

“This can stay essentially the most premium and fundamental enterprise centre for one more 20 years in my opinion, except a enterprise centre comes up on BPT (Mumbai Port Belief) land and will be in comparison with Canary Wharf in London. Solely then will it have the potential to displace BKC,” stated Gothoskar.

Areas round BKC, akin to Kurla and Chembur, are additionally flourishing. “Individuals need to keep near their locations of labor, and that’s why actual property in locations like Kurla, that are low-profile, is booming,” stated Kapur.

(Edited by Rohan Manoj)


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