The Each day — Canada tops G7 progress regardless of COVID




Launched: 2022-02-09


Our world has dramatically modified from the final time we took the heart beat of the nation, in 2016, to the census we performed within the spring of 2021. Due to Canadians who responded to the census through the third wave of the pandemic, we are able to higher perceive the place we’re at at present as we proceed to navigate this life altering pandemic.

One factor that has not modified from 5 years in the past is that Canada stays the quickest rising nation within the G7. Most of that progress is attributable to extra folks arriving right here from world wide to start out a brand new life. Roughly 1.8 million extra folks had been calling Canada house in 2021 in contrast with 5 years earlier, with 4 in 5 of those having immigrated to Canada since 2016.

Though the onset of the pandemic slowed inhabitants progress from a report excessive in 2019 (up 583,000 or +1.6%) to its lowest progress price in a century in 2020 (up 160,000 or +0.4%), Canada’s tempo of inhabitants progress stays the best within the G7.

For the primary time within the census because the Forties, the inhabitants of the Maritimes grew at a sooner tempo than the Prairie provinces, attributable to rising immigration ranges and an inflow of Canadians migrating from different elements of the nation. Conversely, the inhabitants of neighbouring Newfoundland and Labrador declined (-1.8%) from 2016 to 2021.

Yukon’s inhabitants (+12.1%) grew on the quickest tempo nationally from 2016 to 2021 and among the many provinces, Prince Edward Island skilled the quickest progress (+8.0%).

Canada continues to urbanize. Among the many 36,991,981 folks residing right here within the spring of 2021, near 27.3 million folks, or practically three in 4 Canadians, lived in certainly one of Canada’s 41 giant city centres.

Right now, Statistics Canada is releasing the primary outcomes from the 2021 Census, together with the variety of Canadians counted, inhabitants progress throughout the nation, and the way the pandemic has affected the demographic make-up of the nation.

Over the approaching months, Statistics Canada will probably be releasing the complete outcomes from the 2021 Census, which is able to paint an entire statistical portrait of the Canadian communities from coast to coast to coast.

Please see the 2021 Census launch schedule to seek out out when knowledge and evaluation on the upcoming subjects will probably be launched all through 2022.

Observe in regards to the PDF model of this launch: attributable to formatting points, the PDF model of this launch might show some clean pages. Relaxation assured that the content material isn’t compromised. The HTML model supplies optimum viewing.

Highlights

Canada’s inhabitants grew at nearly twice the tempo of different G7 international locations from 2016 to 2021.

Though the pandemic halted Canada’s sturdy inhabitants progress in 2020, it continued to be the quickest amongst G7 international locations.

Canada is house to nearly 37 million folks, 1.8 million (+5.2%) greater than in 2016. Many of the improve occurred previous to the pandemic, with Canada’s inhabitants rising by a report excessive of 583,000 folks (+1.6%) in 2019.

Immigration, not fertility, largely drove Canada’s inhabitants progress from 2016 to 2021 and was additionally the primary motive for the slowdown since 2020 attributable to border restrictions put in place to curb the unfold of COVID-19.

The inhabitants of the Maritimes grew at a sooner tempo than the Prairies for the primary time within the census because the Forties.

The inhabitants of Yukon (+12.1%) grew on the quickest tempo nationally from 2016 to 2021, whereas Prince Edward Island (+8.0%) and British Columbia (+7.6%) had the best progress charges among the many provinces.

Newfoundland and Labrador (-1.8%) was the lone province to see its inhabitants decline from 2016 to 2021.

Canada continues to urbanize. The inhabitants rose in all 41 giant city centres from 2016 to 2021, with progress accelerating in most of them.

The census counted simply over 6.6 million Canadians (6,601,982) residing in a rural space in Could 2021, up 0.4% in contrast with 5 years earlier, however properly under the tempo of progress in city areas (+6.3%). Immigrants are way more more likely to settle in an city space than a rural setting, which explains many of the distinction in progress.

In 2021, Canada had 41 census metropolitan areas with greater than 100,000 folks, up from 35 within the earlier census. The six new giant city centres are Fredericton, Drummondville, Purple Deer, Kamloops, Chilliwack and Nanaimo.

Resort locations equivalent to Squamish, British Columbia; Canmore, Alberta; in addition to Wasaga Seaside and Collingwood in Ontario, are among the many quickest rising communities in Canada.

Inside giant city centres, downtowns grew at a sooner tempo from 2016 to 2021 than through the earlier census (2011 to 2016).

Canada’s inhabitants rising at nearly twice the speed of different G7 international locations

Chart 1 

Chart 1: Canada's population is growing at the fastest pace in the G7 and ranks seventh in the G20

Canada’s inhabitants is rising on the quickest tempo within the G7 and ranks seventh within the G20


Chart 1: Canada's population is growing at the fastest pace in the G7 and ranks seventh in the G20

Canada’s inhabitants grew at nearly twice the speed of each different G7 nation from 2016 to 2021, rising 5.2% from 2016 to only below 37 million folks in 2021 (see textbox Census counts, demographic estimates and census protection research).

Though the onset of the pandemic in 2020 halted Canada’s fast inhabitants progress, it continued to be the quickest amongst G7 international locations.

Whereas the pandemic slowed the motion of individuals world wide, immigration nonetheless contributed to Canada’s inhabitants rising by 0.4% in 2020, the quickest tempo of progress within the G7 for related durations. By the use of comparability, the inhabitants of the USA rose by 0.1% from July 1, 2020 to July 1, 2021.

Like most different G7 international locations, Canada’s inhabitants progress from 2016 to 2021 was largely attributable to immigration, accounting for practically four-fifths of the inhabitants achieve over this era, whereas one-fifth was attributable to pure improve (that’s, the variety of births minus the variety of deaths).

The speed of pure improve fell 0.3% from 2016 to 0.1% in 2021, the bottom degree on report. Whereas Canada’s tempo of pure improve is low, not like most different G7 international locations, it’s not anticipated to change into destructive (extra deaths than births) inside the subsequent 50 years. The populations of Italy and Japan are already declining attributable to extra deaths than births and low immigration charges.

Nonetheless, the pandemic not solely slowed the arrival of immigrants from different lands, it might even have impacted fertility charges. A latest examine means that one-fifth of Canadian adults below the age of 50 needed to have fewer youngsters than beforehand deliberate or delayed having youngsters on account of the pandemic. Previous to the pandemic, fertility in Canada had been lowering since 2015 and hit a report low of 1.4 youngsters per lady in 2020.

Canada’s inhabitants progress ranked seventh within the G20 from 2016 to 2021, trailing Saudi Arabia, Australia, South Africa, Turkey, Indonesia and Mexico and on par with India.

Census counts, demographic estimates and census protection research

The variety of Canadians we counted through the 2021 Census might differ from the demographic estimates or the inhabitants modelled in response to the inhabitants clock for the same date.

The Census of Inhabitants supplies a snapshot of the inhabitants at a selected second in time (Could 11, 2021, for this census) and its constant methodology permits for strong historic comparisons with knowledge from earlier censuses. Inevitably, nonetheless, some folks weren’t counted, or had been counted greater than as soon as, for varied causes.

COVID-19 offered some challenges for conducting the 2021 Census of Inhabitants however regardless of these, the gathering response price for the nation as a complete was a convincing success at 98.0%, because of Canadians who accomplished the census within the midst of the third wave of the pandemic. Moreover, distinctive challenges had been encountered in Northern or distant areas of the nation, equivalent to journey restrictions, border closures, shorter and shifted assortment durations, unavailability of native employees, and wildfires. Making certain the well being and security of Canadians and our workers by adapting our assortment operations to make sure prime quality, trusted census knowledge was a excessive precedence for Statistics Canada.

As we do after each census, Statistics Canada conducts undercoverage and overcoverage research to find out the quantity of people that had been omitted or enumerated greater than as soon as and releases the leads to the yr following the primary launch of census counts. The distinction between undercoverage and overcoverage known as web undercoverage. These examine outcomes are used together with the census counts to supply demographic estimates that bear in mind web undercoverage.

Statistics Canada’s demographic estimates complement the census counts and can be found for Canada, the provinces, the territories and varied subprovincial geographic ranges on a extra frequent foundation (quarterly and yearly). Amongst different issues, they’re used every year by the Division of Finance Canada to calculate switch funds from the federal authorities to the provinces and territories.

Canada’s inhabitants clock (modelled in actual time) can be based mostly on knowledge from demographic estimates.

Immigration drives Canada’s inhabitants progress

Canada’s inhabitants progress has largely been pushed by immigration because the Nineties as Canadian {couples}, like these in different G7 international locations, are having fewer youngsters on common than ever earlier than. In Canada, immigration (new arrivals to Canada) has largely exceeded emigration (those that go away Canada) leading to migratory improve that has fueled inhabitants progress. Immigration targets for everlasting and non permanent immigrants have additionally risen since 2015.

The share of inhabitants progress attributable to pure improve has been falling in Canada due to inhabitants getting old and decrease fertility.

Practically four-fifths of the 1.8 million inhabitants improve from 2016 to 2021 was attributable to new arrivals to Canada both as everlasting or non permanent immigrants.

Immigration continues to be the primary driver of inhabitants progress for nearly all provinces and territories. Prince Edward Island and British Columbia confirmed the quickest progress charges among the many provinces, largely attributable to immigration.

Robust inhabitants progress halted by pandemic

Canada’s 5.2% inhabitants progress price (or +1,840,253 folks) from 2016 to 2021 was bigger than the earlier census cycle from 2011 to 2016 (+5.0%, or +1,675,040 folks). Most of this progress, nonetheless, occurred from 2016 to 2019.

Canada’s inhabitants grew at its quickest tempo because the finish of the Nineteen Eighties from 2016 to 2019, reaching a report excessive annual improve of greater than 583,000 folks (or +1.6%) in 2019.

In 2020, nonetheless, the pandemic nearly halted inhabitants progress primarily attributable to international border and journey restrictions applied to gradual the unfold of COVID-19, which drastically diminished the variety of everlasting and non permanent immigrants arriving in Canada. The truth is, the worldwide migratory improve in 2020 was lower than one-quarter of what it was a yr earlier.

The marked slowdown in inhabitants progress in 2020 was nearly solely because of the pandemic induced pause in immigration. Though there have been greater than 30,000 Canadians who died on account of COVID-19 by the top of 2021, making it the third main explanation for demise in Canada following most cancers and coronary heart illness, COVID-19 deaths had a restricted impact on the slowdown in Canada’s inhabitants progress. For instance, new arrivals of everlasting immigrants had been down by nearly half, falling from 341,000 in 2019 to 185,000 in 2020, whereas the variety of deaths elevated from 285,000 to 307,000, with a lot of the rise attributable to COVID-19.

Consequently, Canada’s inhabitants grew 0.4% from January 1 to December 31, 2020—the slowest tempo of progress because the First World Struggle.

Infographic 1 

Thumbnail for Infographic 1: Population growth of 5.2% over the five-year period of 2016 to 2021 masks large annual variations: from a record high (2019) to a record low (2020) due to the pandemic

Inhabitants progress of 5.2% over the five-year interval of 2016 to 2021 masks giant annual variations: from a report excessive (2019) to a report low (2020) because of the pandemic


Thumbnail for Infographic 1: Population growth of 5.2% over the five-year period of 2016 to 2021 masks large annual variations: from a record high (2019) to a record low (2020) due to the pandemic

Since mid-2021, the newest quarterly demographic estimates from Statistics Canada recommend that Canada’s inhabitants progress is again to pre-pandemic ranges.

Particularly, the variety of new immigrants has risen sharply since April 2021, a pattern that continues to this present day. Statistics Canada’s Demographic Estimates Program will observe whether or not Canada’s inhabitants continues to develop over the following few months. Statistics Canada additionally shows a inhabitants clock, based mostly on a mannequin, permitting Canadians to higher perceive inhabitants modifications in actual time.

The inhabitants of the Maritimes rising at a sooner tempo than the Prairies for the primary time within the census because the Forties

Inhabitants progress accelerated in Prince Edward Island, New Brunswick, and Nova Scotia over the previous 5 years when put next with the earlier census cycle (from 2011 to 2016), whereas inhabitants progress slowed in Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta.

Chart 2 

Chart 2: Population growth rate accelerates in the Maritimes and slows down in the Prairies

Inhabitants progress price accelerates within the Maritimes and slows down within the Prairies


Chart 2: Population growth rate accelerates in the Maritimes and slows down in the Prairies

Consequently, for the primary time within the census because the Forties, the inhabitants of the Maritimes (+4.7%) grew at a sooner tempo than the Prairie provinces (+4.6%).

Inhabitants progress additionally accelerated in Canada’s three largest provinces of Ontario, Quebec and British Columbia.

Map 1 

Thumbnail for map 1: The population growing faster than Canada overall in Yukon, Prince Edward Island, British Columbia and Ontario from 2016 to 2021

The inhabitants rising sooner than Canada total in Yukon, Prince Edward Island, British Columbia and Ontario from 2016 to 2021 


Thumbnail for map 1: The population growing faster than Canada overall in Yukon, Prince Edward Island, British Columbia and Ontario from 2016 to 2021

The impacts of the pandemic on inhabitants progress had been felt from coast to coast to coast attributable to decrease ranges of everlasting and non permanent immigration. Progress slowed however remained optimistic in eight provinces and all three territories after the onset of the pandemic. The already declining inhabitants of Newfoundland and Labrador fell additional in 2020 (-0.7%), whereas inhabitants progress halted in Saskatchewan (-0.0%).

Inhabitants of the Maritimes rising at its quickest tempo because the early Seventies

From 2016 to 2021, the populations of New Brunswick and Nova Scotia grew at their quickest tempo because the early Seventies, with Prince Edward Island, Canada’s least populated province, posting its highest inhabitants progress price on report.

Newfoundland and Labrador (-1.8% to 510,550) was the lone province to see a inhabitants decline from 2016 to 2021.

Prince Edward Island led the provinces with an 8.0% inhabitants improve from 2016 to 154,331 in 2021.

The inhabitants progress of Nova Scotia (+5.0% to 969,383) nearly matched Canada’s total progress and follows 5 censuses throughout which the province’s progress price by no means surpassed 1.0%.

There have been 3.8% extra folks residing in New Brunswick in 2021 in contrast with 5 years earlier, reaching 775,610 folks, following a 0.5% drop from 2011 to 2016.

Two key elements clarify the elevated inhabitants progress within the Maritimes.

First, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia and Prince Edward Island welcomed a report variety of immigrants from 2016 to 2021, the overwhelming majority arriving previous to the pandemic. Though roughly one-third to one-half of those that immigrate to the Maritimes transfer to a different province inside 5 years of arrival, greater ranges of immigration had been nonetheless primarily liable for the rebound in inhabitants progress since 2016.

Second, for the primary time because the 1981 to 1986 intercensal interval, extra folks moved to the Maritimes from different elements of Canada (134,841) than moved away (98,086). The optimistic inflow of individuals into these provinces from elsewhere in Canada began previous to the pandemic however has intensified thereafter. This modification could also be partly associated to the elevated risk of working from house, mixed with bigger financial disruptions in different elements of Canada and the decrease prices of housing within the Maritimes.

Had been it not for these worldwide and inner migratory will increase, the inhabitants of all three Maritime provinces would probably have fallen since, like Newfoundland and Labrador, all of them recorded extra deaths than births from 2016 to 2021.

Infographic 2 

Thumbnail for Infographic 2: Population growth rate from 2016 to 2021 reaches 50-year record high in Prince Edward Island and in Nova Scotia while it slows to a record low in Alberta

Inhabitants progress price from 2016 to 2021 reaches 50-year report excessive in Prince Edward Island and in Nova Scotia whereas it slows to a report low in Alberta


Thumbnail for Infographic 2: Population growth rate from 2016 to 2021 reaches 50-year record high in Prince Edward Island and in Nova Scotia while it slows to a record low in Alberta

Inhabitants progress accelerates in Ontario and Quebec

Ontario’s inhabitants (+5.8% to 14,223,942) grew at a sooner tempo than Canada’s total inhabitants from 2016 to 2021, the primary time this has occurred because the 2006 Census. This acceleration in inhabitants progress in contrast with earlier intercensal durations was largely attributable to greater ranges of immigration previous to the pandemic.

Ontario welcomed nearly twice as many everlasting and non permanent immigrants from 2016 to 2021 in contrast with the earlier five-year census cycle.

Quebec’s inhabitants additionally grew at a sooner tempo (+4.1% to 8,501,833) from 2016 to 2021 in contrast with the earlier census cycle (+3.3%). Many of the progress was additionally attributable to worldwide migration pre-pandemic. Everlasting and non permanent immigration elevated in contrast with 2011 to 2016, to account for about four-fifths of the inhabitants progress from 2016 to 2021.

Western Canada: Inhabitants progress exceeds nationwide common in British Columbia, slows on the Prairies

Outcomes of the 2016 Census confirmed that Alberta, Manitoba and Saskatchewan had been the provinces with the quickest progress charges. Nonetheless, 5 years later, that is not the case.

The 2021 Census marked the primary time that the inhabitants of British Columbia exceeded 5 million folks (5,000,879). This province was the lone province in Western Canada the place inhabitants progress (+7.6%) exceeded the nationwide common of 5.2%.

British Columbia was additionally the lone province in Western Canada that noticed extra folks transfer into the province from elsewhere in Canada than transfer out from 2016 to 2021, with interprovincial migration features (+97,424) reaching their highest degree since 1991 to 1996.

The populations of Manitoba (+5.0% to 1,342,153), Saskatchewan (+3.1% to 1,132,505) and Alberta (+4.8% to 4,262,635) all grew from 2016 to 2021, albeit at a slower tempo in contrast with 2011 to 2016 after they led the provinces.

After main the provinces in inhabitants progress for 5 consecutive censuses, Alberta ranked sixth in 2016 to 2021, behind Prince Edward Island, British Columbia, Ontario, Nova Scotia and Manitoba.

Much like Canada total, immigration was the primary driver of inhabitants progress in Western Canada. Nonetheless, worldwide migration ranges have modified little in Western Canada because the final intercensal interval, not like in most different provinces, the place they rose considerably previous to the pandemic. This partially explains why Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta not lead the provinces in inhabitants progress.

Alberta, Manitoba and Saskatchewan additionally all noticed extra folks transfer out of province than transfer in from different elements of Canada towards a backdrop of decrease oil costs that began in 2014 and better unemployment, particularly in Alberta.

For Alberta, this marked the primary decline in interprovincial migration over a five-year census interval since 1986 to 1991.

Inhabitants progress stays excessive in Yukon, however slows in Nunavut and reduces within the Northwest Territories

Whereas Yukon (+12.1% to 40,232) led the nation in inhabitants progress, it was the only real territory that grew at a sooner tempo than Canada total.

The primary outcomes of the 2021 Census present Nunavut (+2.5% to 36,858) grew at a slower tempo than the nationwide common, whereas the inhabitants of the Northwest Territories fell (-1.7% to 41,070).

Nunavut and the Northwest Territories are the one ones among the many provinces and territories in Canada the place inhabitants progress depends primarily on pure improve. It is because these two territories have a lot greater fertility charges than elsewhere in Canada, and are consequently youthful.

Quebec’s inhabitants share continues to lower

Quebec, Canada’s second most populous province (8.5 million folks), noticed its share of the entire inhabitants decline for the eleventh consecutive census, falling from 23.2% in 2016 to 23.0% in 2021, regardless of its inhabitants rising at a sooner tempo in contrast with the earlier intercensal interval (2011 to 2016).

Virtually two in 5 of the 37 million Canadians counted had been residing in Ontario (38.5%, or 14.2 million folks) in 2021, up from 38.3% in 2016.

Atlantic Canada’s (2.4 million) share of the entire inhabitants fell from 6.6% in 2016 to 6.5% in 2021.

In distinction, the share of the entire inhabitants in Western Canada (Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta and British Columbia—11.7 million folks) elevated from 31.6% to 31.7%.

Roughly 0.3% of Canadians or 118,000 folks had been residing within the three territories on the time of the census.

In keeping with the typical progress state of affairs of our most up-to-date inhabitants projections, Canada’s inhabitants might attain 55.2 million by the top of the 2060s.

Practically three in 4 Canadians stay in certainly one of Canada’s 41 largest city centres

Map 2 

Thumbnail for map 2: British Columbia home to four of the five fastest-growing large urban centres from 2016 to 2021

British Columbia house to 4 of the 5 fastest-growing giant city centres from 2016 to 2021


Thumbnail for map 2: British Columbia home to four of the five fastest-growing large urban centres from 2016 to 2021

Canada has continued to urbanize because the 2016 Census, with the inhabitants progress price of city centres outpacing the expansion occurring elsewhere.

In 2021, Canada had 41 census metropolitan areas (CMAs) with greater than 100,000 folks, up from 35 within the earlier census and additional proof of the rising urbanization of Canada. The six new giant city centres are Fredericton, Drummondville, Purple Deer, Kamloops, Chilliwack and Nanaimo. Near 27.3 million folks, or practically three in 4 Canadians, lived in a CMA on the time of the census.

Over one-third of Canadians (13.1 million folks) stay within the three largest CMAs of Toronto, Montréal and Vancouver.

Toronto (6,202,225 folks) stays probably the most populous CMA, adopted by Montréal (4,291,732 folks) and Vancouver (2,642,825 folks).

Three different CMAs had a inhabitants of over a million inhabitants in 2021. Ottawa–Gatineau (1,488,307 folks) regained fourth place after quickly shedding that title in 2016 to Calgary (1,481,806 folks), which fell again to fifth place however remained probably the most populous CMA in Alberta. Edmonton (1,418,118 folks) remained the nation’s sixth largest CMA.

Chart 3 

Chart 3: All of Canada's 41 large urban centres showing positive population growth from 2016 to 2021

All of Canada’s 41 giant city centres displaying optimistic inhabitants progress from 2016 to 2021


Chart 3: All of Canada's 41 large urban centres showing positive population growth from 2016 to 2021

Inhabitants progress accelerates in most main city centres

Inhabitants progress in giant city centres depends far more on immigration than different areas of Canada, with greater than 9 in 10 new everlasting immigrants settling in a CMA. From 2016 to 2019, report ranges of worldwide migration accelerated inhabitants progress in most of Canada’s main metropolitan areas.

Outdoors of those giant city centres, inhabitants progress was usually slower or in some circumstances destructive. Consequently, Canada continues to urbanize.

For instance, the populations of 22 of the 27 CMAs in Atlantic Canada, Quebec and Ontario elevated at a sooner tempo from 2016 to 2021 in contrast with the earlier census cycle (2011 to 2016). In British Columbia, inhabitants progress accelerated in all of its seven CMAs.

In distinction, the populations of the seven CMAs in Alberta, Manitoba and Saskatchewan all grew at a slower tempo from 2016 to 2021 in contrast with the earlier census cycle.

For the primary time in over 25 years, Calgary not ranks among the many 5 quickest rising CMAs within the nation.

As well as, for the primary time in six censuses, no CMA in Canada noticed a inhabitants decline from 2016 to 2021.

The inhabitants of Canada’s two largest CMAs—Toronto and Montréal—grew on the identical tempo (+4.6%) from 2016 to 2021. The tempo of progress was slower in contrast with the earlier census in Toronto (+6.2% from 2011 to 2016) and barely sooner in Montréal (+4.2% from 2011 to 2016).

Though the expansion charges of Toronto and Montréal had been under the nationwide common of 5.2% from 2016 to 2021, they acquired a report inflow of everlasting or non permanent immigrants from 2016 to 2019. Nonetheless, the inhabitants gained via immigration was partially offset by losses to neighbouring areas (intraprovincial migration).

The inhabitants progress of most Canadian giant city centres was impacted by the pandemic associated border restrictions in 2020 and the following slowdown in immigration, in response to annual demographic estimates.

For instance, the tempo of progress within the Toronto CMA slowed from 1.4% in 2019/2020 to 0.2% in 2020/2021 on account of decrease immigration. It was additionally the primary time within the latest previous that the inhabitants within the Montréal CMA declined over the course of 1 yr, falling 0.6% from July 1, 2020, to July 1, 2021. Each CMAs posted report inhabitants losses to different areas inside their respective province in 2020/2021.

Conversely, the populations of Halifax and Kelowna had been among the many quickest rising CMAs nationally from 2016 to 2021 and because the onset of the pandemic, with a lot of the latest progress attributable to Canadians transferring there from elsewhere in Canada. Particularly, Halifax attracted many migrants from Ontario from 2020 to 2021, maybe attributable to extra Canadians with the ability to make money working from home in addition to decrease housing prices.

For extra detailed outcomes about inhabitants progress inside Canada’s largest city centres, notably in regard to the expansion of downtown areas and concrete unfold, please see the second Each day article launched at present entitled “Canada’s giant city centres proceed to develop and unfold.”

Mid-sized metropolitan areas additionally rising at a sooner tempo, notably in British Columbia

4 of the 5 quickest rising CMAs within the nation had been positioned in British Columbia from 2016 to 2021: Kelowna (+14.0% to 222,162), Chilliwack (+12.1% to 113,767), Nanaimo (+10.0% to 115,459) and Kamloops (+10.0% to 114,142). A lot of the expansion of those 4 CMAs in British Columbia occurred as a result of they attracted folks from elsewhere in Canada and from inside the province.

Conversely, in London, Ontario (+10.0% to 543,551), the inhabitants progress was primarily attributable to everlasting and non permanent immigration.

Smaller city centres house to 1 in 10 Canadians

Extra Canadians are calling resort locations house

Along with Canada’s 41 largest metropolitan areas, the nation has 111 census agglomerations (CAs), that are smaller city areas starting from about 10,000 to 100,000 folks. In 2021, 3.8 million folks or 10.1% of Canadians lived in certainly one of these CAs.

Squamish, British Columbia (+21.8% to 24,232) was the quickest rising CA from 2016 to 2021.

In the meantime, 4 of the 10 quickest rising CAs had been in Ontario: Wasaga Seaside (+20.3% to 24,862), Tillsonburg (+17.3% to 18,615), Collingwood (+13.8% to 24,811) and Woodstock (+13.6% to 46,705).

A number of of the smaller city centres are recognized for being vacationer locations or resort cities. Extra particularly, 4 of these vacation spots—Squamish (+21.8% to 24,232), Wasaga Seaside (+20.3% to 24,862), Canmore (+14.3% to 15,990) and Collingwood (+13.8% to 24,811)—had been among the many 5 quickest rising CAs within the nation.

These locations are all characterised by their proximity to nature and the existence of out of doors services close by, equivalent to ski stations, giant parks, seashores or navigable our bodies of water. Whereas being near nature, these small city centres aren’t among the many most distant and are usually lower than a one-hour drive from a big city centre, that means they’re additionally near the facilities of bigger city centres.

All 4 of those resort CAs attracted migrants from different areas of their respective provinces, an element that explains virtually all of the inhabitants progress in Wasaga Seaside and Collingwood. Their out of doors services and their optimum location might have attracted folks from bigger metropolitan areas, equivalent to younger retirees or these in a position to make money working from home in the hunt for higher proximity to nature.

General, 27 of the 111 CAs noticed their populations decline from 2016 to 2021. Campbellton, New Brunswick (-9.2% to 13,330) noticed the most important inhabitants decline among the many CAs from 2016 to 2021. CAs with the most important inhabitants declines had been usually positioned in additional distant areas, equivalent to Dawson Creek, British Columbia (-5.4% to 17,878), Thompson, Manitoba (-4.7% to 13,035) and Nook Brook, Newfoundland and Labrador (-3.9% to 29,762). Most frequently, CAs with a shrinking inhabitants skilled extra folks transferring elsewhere within the province or exterior of the province altogether.

Map 3 

Thumbnail for map 3: Fastest growing small urban centres often close to Canada's largest metropolises while fastest declining small urban centres often in more remote locations

Quickest rising small city centres usually near Canada’s largest metropolises whereas quickest declining small city centres usually in additional distant places


Thumbnail for map 3: Fastest growing small urban centres often close to Canada's largest metropolises while fastest declining small urban centres often in more remote locations

The inhabitants of rural Canada is rising, however at a a lot slower tempo than city Canada

Infographic 3 

Thumbnail for Infographic 3: Population of urban areas growing faster than rural areas, although rural population still increasing

Inhabitants of city areas rising sooner than rural areas, though rural inhabitants nonetheless rising


Thumbnail for Infographic 3: Population of urban areas growing faster than rural areas, although rural population still increasing

Whereas nonetheless on the rise, the inhabitants of rural Canada has grown at a slower tempo than in city centres.

The census counted simply over 6.6 million Canadians (6,601,982) residing in a rural space in Could 2021, up 0.4% in contrast with 5 years earlier, however properly under the tempo of progress of city areas (+6.3%).

Consequently, the share of Canadians residing in rural areas declined for the ninth consecutive census, falling from 18.7% in 2016 to 17.8% in 2021.

Why are rural populations rising at a slower tempo than city areas?

Immigrants are way more more likely to settle in an city space slightly than a rural setting. Additionally, many rural areas usually lose individuals who transfer to city centres. Canadians residing in rural areas are additionally older on common than these residing in city centres and subsequently the variety of deaths exceeded the variety of births within the rural areas of six provinces from 2016 to 2021. The following 2021 Census launch on April 27, 2022, will shed extra mild on Canada’s youngest and oldest populations.

The hole between rural and concrete progress might need been extra pronounced had been it not for the pandemic.

The drop in immigration brought on by border restrictions had a a lot bigger influence on inhabitants progress in giant city centres in contrast with rural areas. With extra Canadians now with the ability to make money working from home on account of the pandemic, the inhabitants of some rural areas grew as extra folks moved out of city centres, notably in Quebec and Ontario.

The agricultural inhabitants elevated in 5 provinces from 2016 to 2021, and declined in Newfoundland and Labrador (as was the case for the inhabitants of the province as a complete), New Brunswick, and in Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta.

Study extra about how Canada’s cities are rising

The census is the muse of extremely disaggregated knowledge for Canada and supplies prime quality knowledge for small areas throughout the nation. Complementary analyses of latest inhabitants progress in Canadian municipalities and within the downtowns of the nation’s largest city centres are additionally launched at present in “Canada’s quickest rising and lowering municipalities from 2016 to 2021.”

Yukon and Prince Edward Island report largest progress charges in personal dwellings occupied by typical residents

Infographic 4 

Thumbnail for Infographic 4: Canada's dwellings and population growth rates are very close

Canada’s dwellings and inhabitants progress charges are very shut


Thumbnail for Infographic 4: Canada's dwellings and population growth rates are very close

We counted slightly below 15 million personal dwellings occupied by a typical resident in 2021, up 6.4% in contrast with 2016 and a sooner tempo of progress in contrast with the earlier census cycle (+5.6% from 2011 to 2016). The variety of dwellings rose in each province and territory.

The variety of personal dwellings grew on the quickest tempo in Yukon (+12.9%), consistent with its inhabitants progress, which was additionally the best in Canada. Prince Edward Island (+8.6%) led the provinces in new personal dwellings, adopted by British Columbia (+8.5%) and Alberta (+6.9%).

Nunavut (+1.1%), the Northwest Territories (+1.5%) and Newfoundland and Labrador (+2.1%) reported the smallest will increase in personal dwellings, coinciding with inhabitants declines or low inhabitants progress in these areas.

Trying forward: Telling the tales of Canadians

The 2021 Census knowledge to be launched over the approaching months will inform many wealthy tales of Canadians and paint the portrait of our nation within the context of the COVID-19 pandemic. This primary launch reveals how and the place our inhabitants has grown from 2016 to 2021, primarily attributable to report ranges of immigration pre-pandemic. The following launch, on April 27, 2022, will take a look at the tempo of inhabitants getting old and showcase Canada’s communities with the oldest and youngest populations. For the primary time, we’ll launch census details about gender variety in Canada. Different releases can even check out the residing preparations of younger adults to see how they might have been affected by the pandemic—and there are a lot of different tales to return. Census knowledge are relied upon by governments, companies, communities and Canadians to make knowledgeable selections in areas equivalent to immigration insurance policies, financial improvement, social packages, city planning, neighborhood well-being and the place to stay.




















  Observe to readers

Canadians are inspired to obtain the StatsCan app to view the census outcomes.

Definitions, ideas and geography

The inhabitants progress charges reported on this doc are calculated because the distinction in inhabitants measurement between two dates (two censuses, for instance), divided by the inhabitants of the sooner date, expressed as a proportion change.

All knowledge and outcomes offered on this doc are based mostly on the 2021 geographic boundaries.

In keeping with the geographic boundaries of the 2021 Census, Canada now has 41 census metropolitan areas (CMAs) and 111 census agglomerations (CAs). Readers can seek the advice of the CMA and CA reference maps.

The six new CMAs are Fredericton (New Brunswick), Drummondville (Quebec), Purple Deer (Alberta), Kamloops (British Columbia), Chilliwack (British Columbia) and Nanaimo (British Columbia).

As well as, the CMA of Ottawa–Gatineau was expanded to incorporate the previous CAs of Arnprior and Carleton Place. Equally, the CMA of Windsor was expanded to incorporate the previous CA of Leamington.

Two former CAs from the 2016 Census ceased to be CAs within the 2021 Census: Bay Roberts (Newfoundland and Labrador) and Chilly Lake (Alberta).

5 new CAs have been added because the 2016 Census: Sainte-Agathe-des-Monts (Quebec), Amos (Quebec), Essa (Ontario), Path (British Columbia) and Ladysmith (British Columbia).

For detailed definitions of CMAs and CAs, please seek advice from the Census Dictionary.

2021 Census of Inhabitants merchandise and releases

Right now, Statistics Canada is releasing the primary outcomes from the 2021 Census of Inhabitants. These outcomes deal with the expansion in inhabitants and dwellings from 2016 to 2021 on the nationwide, provincial and territorial ranges, in addition to for varied subprovincial geographical ranges.

A number of 2021 Census merchandise are additionally out there at present on the 2021 Census Program internet module. This internet module has been designed to supply easy accessibility to census knowledge, freed from cost.

Analytical merchandise embrace two articles in The Each day and two articles within the Census in Temporary sequence.

Information merchandise embrace the inhabitants and dwelling counts for a variety of normal geographic areas, out there via the Census Profile and Spotlight tables.

Concentrate on Geography supplies knowledge and highlights on key subjects discovered on this Each day launch and within the Census in Temporary articles at varied ranges of geography. As well as, a brand new knowledge visualization, Rating of the 10 most populated municipalities, 1901 to 2021, is now out there.

Reference supplies are designed to assist customers take advantage of census knowledge. They embrace the Information to the Census of Inhabitants, 2021, the Dictionary, Census of Inhabitants, 2021, and the 2021 Census of Inhabitants questionnaires. Each the Dictionary and the Information are up to date with extra data all through the discharge cycle.

Geography-related 2021 Census Program services will be discovered below Geography. This contains GeoSearch, an interactive mapping device, and thematic maps, which present knowledge for varied normal geographic areas, together with the Concentrate on Geography and Census Program Information Viewer, that are knowledge visualization instruments.

Over the approaching months, Statistics Canada will proceed to launch outcomes from the 2021 Census of Inhabitants, and supply an much more complete image of the Canadian inhabitants. Please see the 2021 Census launch schedule to seek out out when knowledge and evaluation on the totally different subjects will probably be launched all through 2022.

Contact data

For extra data, or to investigate in regards to the ideas, strategies or knowledge high quality of this launch, contact us (toll-free 1-800-263-1136; 514-283-8300; infostats@statcan.gc.ca) or Media Relations (statcan.mediahotline-ligneinfomedias.statcan@statcan.gc.ca).



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