twenty seventh August 1965 Delivery of scholars power in Manipur By Seram Neken

twenty seventh August 1965 : Delivery of scholars power in Manipur

Seram Neken *

54th Starvation Marchers’ Day (Chaklam Khongchat Numit) on August 27 2019 :: Pix – Shankar Khangembam

After the primary and second Nupi Lan (ladies’s wars) in opposition to the malpractices of the respective regimes in 1904 and in 1939 throughout British rule in Manipur, the scholars’ rebellion of 27 August 1965 was the largest motion in opposition to the injustices meted out by the Authorities within the post-merger interval in Manipur historical past. Moreover being a revolt in opposition to the factitious famine created by wealthy businessmen in collusion with the then Authorities, it signified an expression of individuals’s intent want to reside with dignity, self-reliance and self-determination inside the framework of Indian Structure.

Friday, 27 August 1965 is a purple letter day for Manipur. It was on this historic day in 1965 that college students protesting in opposition to the factitious famine created by the then Authorities have been brutally charged and a few of them even killed contained in the compound of the then Chief Commissioner of Manipur.

Nabakumar, Nilamani and Pramodini sacrificed their lives on the spot for the reason for the folks. Laishram Chaobhal Singh (of Lamphel Highschool) succumbed to his accidents on Sept 26, a month after the incident. Amongst those that sustained bullet accidents have been Laishram Mangi (Imphal Faculty), Kumar and Budhi (each of DM Faculty), whereas N Ibohal Singh was critically injured in lathi-charge. The rightful demand of the scholars for proper to meals was responded with bullets of the then Authorities forces. The unlucky occasion gave beginning to the All Manipur College students Union (AMSU).

On 28 August 1965, a gathering of scholars presided by Nameirakpam Madhusadan Singh was held on the residence of Leihaothabam Saratchandra Sharma at Keishampat Laisom Leirak, resulting in the formation of AMSU. Subsequent day, the primary Government Council of AMSU was constituted at a gathering held at Uripok Tourangbam Leikai (residence of Gurumayum Jatishwar Sharma) and presided over by N Birendrakumar. Shri Thiyam Gambhir and Loitongbam Tombi Singh have been elected because the President and the Common Secretary of the 36-member Advert-hoc Government physique of AMSU. Shri N. Birendrakumar, H. Joykumar and M. Manikumar have been the Joint Secretaries.

Members have been Y. Brojen, Pukhrambam Kullachandra, Seram Mangi Singh, L. Ibohal, Y. Dijen, Ng. Sankar, L. Saratchandra, Syamkumar, Loitingbam Kanhai, Khwairakpam Subash, N. Sarat, Ksh Nabakumar and G. Yaima. Amongst those that took energetic position within the formation of the union have been Md. Abdul Shah, M. Sanajaoba, L. Kaminikumar, O. Nabakumar, Gokul Singh, Salam Ibohal, A Basudev, P. Ibohal, S. Kirankumar, Shyamsundar, A. Yaima and L. Ibohal. The principle agenda earlier than the primary Government Council have been the establishment of judicial enquiry on the twenty seventh August incident and launch of the arrested scholar activists.

On 12 September 1965, a gathering of all the scholars of Manipur held at MDU corridor elected the second Government Council of AMSU. 17 scholar leaders who have been launched from jail on that day have been additionally current within the assembly. Shri Sanajaoba Naoriya, Shri Thiyam Gambhir and Shri Gurumayum Joykumar Sharma have been elected because the President, the Vice-president and the Common Secretary of the Council respectively. Shri Loitongbam Iboyaima and Shri Meinam Manikumar have been the Finance Secretary and the Publicity Secretary respectively.

Shri Seram Mangi Singh, Loitongbam Tombi, Soyam Lokendrajit, Y Rajen Singh, Laitonjam Ibopishak, Th. Ibohal Singh, L. Raghumani Singh, Ksh Iboyaima Singh, Kh. Joysakhi Devi, Laishram Jugobala Devi, Kh. Ibetombi Devi, Ch. Devola Devi, Ksh Kunjalata Devi and AK Santi Devi have been the members of the council.

A 4 member Advisory Board was fashioned with Shri N. Ibohal Singh, KN Singh, S. Ibotombi Singh and N. Birendrakumar Singh. A 5 member Civil Defence Board was fashioned with Shri Seram Mangi Singh as Chairman and Shri L Saratchandra Sharma as Secretary. Shri H. Joykumar Singh, Kh. Subash Singh and Kh. Ibetombi Devi have been the opposite members. The members of the Board of Editors have been Ibohal Singh, G. Joykumar Sharma, H. Joykumar Singh, L. Iboyaima Singh, W. Ibempishak Devi, Y. Sabitri Devi, G. Sobita Devi and S. Lokendra Singh.

On 10 February 1966, the Structure Drafting Committee of AMSU was constituted with seven members specifically Thiyam Gambhir, Y. Rajen, A. Birendra, Kh. Joysakhi, Jadumani, N. Ibohal and Ksh. Iboyaima. A gathering held at Aryan Theatre on 14 August 1966 took the choice to put in a memorial web site at Pishum Ching and to look at the Starvation Marchers’ Day on 27 August yearly. On 26 December 1966, the Structure of AMSU was adopted on the 20 Government Council assembly of the Union held at Paradise Membership, Wangkhei.

Shri Leihaothabam Saratchandra Sharma, Huidrom Yaima and Seram Mangi Singh have been the President, the Vice-President and the Common Secretary of the Union duly elected by the scholars below its new Structure. Different members have been L. Khuarileima Devi as Finance Secretary, Moirangthem Santikumar as Publicity and Data Secretary, Kullachandra Singh as Secretary┬ľat-large, and Sanjenbam Sangita Devi as Asst. Common Secretary, whereas G. Gunamani Sharma, RK Memsana Devi, RK Premlata Devi and Momon Devi remained as Government Members. (Reference: Memento printed on the Silver Jubilee Celebration of AMSU,1965-1990)

As an apex physique of scholars of Manipur and as a strain group defending the indigenous rights of its folks, AMSU has been credited with numerous social and political reformations of Manipur in the course of the previous 5 a long time.

On 28 July 1967, a convention of all college students (hills and valley) held at DM Faculty raised points equivalent to emotional integrity among the many college students of Manipur, position of scholars in social improvement, grievances of scholars. Paite, Gangte, Zeliangrong and representatives of different Naga scholar organizations participated within the convention. It was the primary strain group of Manipur to object to the efforts for unification of Naga inhabited areas into Nagaland in 1968.

 54th Hunger Marchers' Day (Chaklam Khongchat Numit) at Pishum Chingamacha :: August 27 2019

54th Starvation Marchers’ Day (Chaklam Khongchat Numit) on August 27 2019 :: Pix – Shankar Khangembam

AMSU strongly condemned the efforts of some Naga leaders for unification of Naga inhabited areas with Nagaland and its endorsement by the then Nagaland Chief Minister TN Angami. The Union submitted its memorandum to the then Prime Minister of India with its inflexible determination to safeguard the territorial integrity of the state.

Among the many landmark endeavors of the AMSU over the last 5 a long time, point out could also be manufactured from the calls for for Statehood, institution of Manipur College, conversion of RMC right into a regional institute, setting-up of State Human Rights Fee and inclusion of Manipuri language in eighth Schedule of Structure.

Through the college students’ agitations on Foreigners Situation in 1980, AMSU reached an settlement with the State Authorities on July 22, 1980 to establish the foreigners with 1951 being the bottom yr. But, the settlement has not been carried out by the Authorities for causes solely recognized to it.

AMSU on occasion has been instrumental in controlling the costs of important commodities within the State, which the businessmen typically tried to swell at their very own whim. Removing of Armed Forces Particular Powers Act has lengthy been a requirement of the scholars of Manipur below the banner of AMSU. The beginning of All Manipur College students’ Union on 28 August 1965 was certainly a turning level within the journey of the Manipuris in direction of id development.

Moreover revolting in opposition to all types of human rights violations together with the notorious instances of Sanamacha, Bijoykumar, Manorama and different quite a few occasions, AMSU has been placing efforts in safeguarding the territory of the State for the final a few years. On numerous different events, the scholars’ physique rose in revolt in opposition to the tendencies of splitting the State’s territory.

Over the last 5 a long time of the existence of AMSU as an apex physique of scholars, numerous younger college students both sacrificed their lives or fell sufferer of the atrocities meted out by State actors whereas present process actions for the folks of Manipur.

On numerous events, the Central and State Governments are likely to malign the picture of AMSU as delinquent. Nonetheless, no power might suppress the power of scholars who’ve been working for justice and democratic values. AMSU will ever stay synonymous with ‘Dedication and Sacrifice’ within the historical past of Manipur.

Chaklam Khongchat : The erstwhile drama “Chaklaam Khongchat” produced by AMSU remains to be recognized to be very efficient in moulding patriotism among the many youths of the state. Sadly, the distinctive creation of the late Director Birjit Ngangomba on the script of G Joykumar Sharma has been off the stage for the final a few years. College students have been skilled and made to behave within the play. Through the lengthy coaching and rehearsal, the actors have been made to quick in order to point out off the true starvation in them.

No surprise, the play was so actual that numerous appearing college students fell down unconscious in the course of the present. The drama actually enlivened the spirit of patriotism and sacrifices among the many college students of Manipur. If the AMSU revives the drama for steady present on each Starvation Marchers’ Day, it could certainly instill patriotic sense among the many new era.

* Seram Neken wrote this text for The Sangai Specific

This text was webcasted on September 19 2021.

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